From debunked popular psychology myths to the DSM-V and mental disorders, this quiz covers a wide range of relevant topics. How well do you know the human mind? Play on to find out!
Who founded psychoanalysis?
Sigmund Freud, a scholar and neurologist, lived from 1856 to 1939. He came up with the idea of psychoanalysis, which is a form of therapy commonly referred to as "talk therapy."
What does DBT stand for?
DBT is a form of psychotherapy closely related to CBT, but it was developed mainly out of a specific need to treat clients presenting with borderline personality disorder who also experience chronic suicidal ideation and tendencies. The therapy is a tool that helps therapists guide their clients in accepting and changing negative aspects of their lives.
Anorexia nervosa is what type of disorder?
Common eating disorder diagnoses include: Anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS). This type of mental disorder is characterized by abnormal, disturbed eating patterns. Eating disorders are serious and potentially fatal.
What does EMDR stand for?
EMDR is a nontraditional branch of psychotherapy commonly used to treat PTSD, trauma, and other anxiety disorders. It was developed in the 80s and has since gained in popularity, with more than 20,000 practitioners receiving EMDR-specific training.
Someone who believes they are chronically ill when they are actually physically healthy would most likely be diagnosed with what?
In the same way the DSM-V redefined Asperger syndrome and autism, it also redefined hypochondriasis disorders. The new edition breaks it down into somatic symptom disorder and illness anxiety disorder.
What is the most commonly abused substance in the US?
Alcoholism is the addiction to alcohol, a mental illness more than 7% of the U.S. population deals with. Because of alcohol's legal and social acceptance, it can be tricky to spot chronic alcohol abuse.
What does CBT stand for?
CBT is a form of psychotherapy that assists clients with problem solving and negative emotions/behaviors. The main goal is to identify, address, and refocus negative thoughts so that feelings and behaviors improve.
The inkblot test is formally known as what?
Modern day psychologists no longer use the Rorschach test as a diagnosis tool. Beginning in the 1970s, researchers began conducting various studies and determined that the variations in interpretations of inkblots do not implicate personality traits and cannot be used to make any reliable medical diagnoses.
What does does DSM stand for?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders has 5 published editions. The first edition of the DSM was published in 1952 and its most recent, 5th, edition came out in 2013. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) authors the DSM. Changes are made to each edition, with disorders being added and retracted, modified and revised.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by what?
Bipolar disorder causes extreme mood swings between mania and depression. It was formerly known as manic depression, and about 2.6% of the US adult population, or approximately 5.7 million people, have this disorder.
What is ECT?
ECT, which is commonly referred to as "electric shock therapy," has a long and controversial history, yet many modern practitioners agree - when done properly, ECT is an effective treatment method. However, due to negative, barbaric portrayals of ECT sessions in the media, the general public has misguided ideas about the procedure.
What part of the brain is responsible for the interpretation of eyesight?
The occipital lobe is the smallest of the human brain's lobes, and it's located in the way back of the brain just underneath the parietal lobe and above the temporal lobe. The occipital lobe functions as the brain's visual processing center.
What does BPD stand for?
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is characterized by a chronic instability in most parts of daily life, including mood, relationships, and self-image. Individuals with BDP struggle with regulating their emotions, which results in severe mood swings, among other negative consequences.
How many classifications of schizophrenia are there?
The main disorder, schizophrenia, used to be classified into 5 subtypes, but that method wasn't very effective, so now doctors use a spectrum when assessing patients. They still use the subtypes, though, which are: catatonic, disorganized, paranoid, residual, and undifferentiated.
Narcissism is what type of disorder?
Narcissistic personality disorder is characterized by a lack of empathy, an inflated sense of self, and an intense need to be adored and admired. It is believed to be the result of childhood relationships with parents and caregivers, where the child either received too much praise or too much criticism.
Which of the following is an example of a mood disorder:
Mood disorders are characterized by an emotional state and mood that does not align with what would be expected considering one's circumstances. Types of mood disorders include: bipolar disorder, depression, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), dysthymic disorder, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.
What does CPTSD stand for?
CPTSD is a form of PTSD, but it differs in that it develops as the result of sustained trauma and stress, rather than singular or isolated traumatic events. Childhood abuse is one of the most common causes of CPTSD.
High functioning autism used to be known as what?
The DSM-IV uses the Asperger diagnosis, but the DSM-V switched to use an Autism Spectrum Disorder diagnosis. The disorder entails behavioral, social, and communication difficulties.
Is there any psychological benefit to teaching according to students' preferred learning styles?
The person doing the learning doesn't matter as much as the teaching material does when it comes to optimizing knowledge retention. The teaching/learning style should be adopted according to whatever is being taught. When teaching dance, a kinesthetic (hands-on) teaching style is more appropriate, since it's a physical exercise. When learning advanced math, a combination of visual (writing on board) and auditory (lecturing) teaching styles might be employed to optimize students' knowledge retention.
What impact does listening to Mozart have on IQ test scores?
Many people believe that listening to Mozart or classical music can improve IQ test scores, but this is not exactly the case. In actuality, partaking in an activity you enjoy doing - like listening to music or reading your favorite book - immediately before taking an IQ test can have a temporary positive impact on your score, but it's not a long-term effect.
How many levels are in Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs?
The needs can be visually represented in a pyramid containing 5 levels. The tip of the pyramid is the self-actualization level, which few people achieve because they must first satisfy the previous 4 physiological levels.
What connects the two sides of the brain?
The corpus callosum connects the right and left hemispheres of the brain, allowing the sides to communicate with one another. Individuals with chronic and severe epilepsy might opt to sever their corpus callosum, which would prevent signals from bouncing around between the sides, often leading to a reduction in symptoms.
Which part of the brain regulates emotion?
The limbic system is made up of the hypothalamus, the amygdala, and the hippocampus. Together, these regions are responsible for basic and complex emotions as well as higher mental functions, like learning and forming memories.
When angry, what's the best course of action?
It's better to let anger go and seek out a distraction than it is to express it in the moment. Expressing anger causes us to feel worse in both the short and long terms, even if it feels satisfying to get it out. You'll feel better in the long run if you try this approach and just let it go.
What causes mental illness?
Researchers believe mental illness happens as the result of a combination of psychological, biological, genetic, and environmental factors - there is no single root cause to point to. It all depends on the person.
Serotonin is most prevalent in what part of the human body?
80-90% of Serotonin is produced and found within the gastrointestinal tract. Serotonin, also known as the "calming chemical," is also produced in the brain, and the brain can only use serotonin made within it. The chemical is thought to cause increased relaxation and focus and decreased stress.
How many cells are in the average human brain?
There are about 86 billion nerve cells, called neurons, in the average human brain. About 25% of the body's energy goes to fueling the brain.
What is the most common mental illness among U.S. adults?
Anxiety disorders affect 40 million U.S. adults, which is about 18% of the population. Anxiety disorders include diagnoses like generalized anxiety and PTSD. Women are twice as likely to develop an anxiety disorder.
Is the polygraph an accurate method for detecting falsehoods?
The original polygraph machine measured changes in systolic blood pressure in hopes of detecting lies. Modern day polygraph machines measure blood pressure, respiration, and skin conductance, yet they're still just as unreliable as earlier versions. False positives are common, as guilty interpretations can often be attributed to a number of factors, such as the subject being a naturally sweaty or anxious individual. Long story short: there's no fool-proof way to detect when a person is lying.
What is the "third person effect?"
People experiencing the "third person effect" might believe that other people are susceptible to and influenced by advertising and marketing campaigns, but that they, personally, are not. While in reality they are impacted just as much as anyone else. This is so common that researchers have given it a name and studied it.
What percent of the time does the average human mind wander?
Most people guess that their minds wander about 10% of the time, but the average minds spends three times that amount wandering around. Mind wandering is not the same thing as day dreaming. Day dreaming is time spent in an imagined space, whereas mind wandering is when you start thinking about something unrelated to the task at hand. It's believed that individuals whose minds tend to wander more often than not are more creative and better problem solvers because of it.
What happens in the premotor cortex of the human brain?
The premotor cortex is where plans to move are made, and then those plans are executed by way of the motor cortex. Interestingly enough, just observing someone else move is enough to stimulate neurons in the brain that signal movement. These neurons are called "mirror" neurons, since they imitate external stimuli.
What role does dopamine play in the human brain?
Until recently, dopamine was believed to be responsible for pleasure, happiness, and euphoria, but it turns out that the Opioid system is actually responsible for this. Dopamine is responsible for keeping us motivated to survive and wanting more. It drives our interest in searching out information on the internet, and it also fuels goal-oriented behaviors and aspirations.
How many items can the average person hold in their short-term memory?
It was once commonly held belief that the short-term memory could hold up to 9 items at once for 20 seconds, but this drastically overestimated what the average human can do. A range of 1-3 items can be stored for a max of 20 seconds at a time, but this is extended if repeated multiple times.
Which group of individuals is believed to be more creative?
It's commonly believed that left-handed people are more creative, but this is an untrue myth. While left-handed people are more commonly able to learn to use their right hands just as well as their left, it is ambidextrous individuals who are the creative thinkers. This is because using both hands allows for the sides of the brain to communicate.
Our goal at Zoo.com is to keep you entertained in this crazy life we all live.
We want you to look inward and explore new and interesting things about yourself. We want you to look outward and marvel at the world around you. We want you to laugh at past memories that helped shape the person you’ve become. We want to dream with you about all your future holds. Our hope is our quizzes and articles inspire you to do just that.
Life is a zoo! Embrace it on Zoo.com.
Get smarter every day! Subscribe & get 1 quiz every week.
Playing quizzes is free! We send trivia questions and personality tests every week to your inbox. By clicking "Sign Up" you are agreeing to our
and confirming that you are 13 years old or over.