Join the cause: Childhood Cancer Awareness

By: DJ / Cristiana / John
Image: http://www.abbiglines.com/

About This Quiz

Take this quiz to learn about the impact this devastating disease has on children and their families—then spread awareness just by sharing. Every completed quiz helps us meet our $2,000 donation goal for childhood cancer research. At the end of the quiz, see how close we are to meeting our goal!

What color ribbon supports “Child Cancer”?

The Gold Ribbon is the symbol indicating support for child cancer awareness.

In what year was September declared Child Cancer Awareness month?

2012 - a proclamation by President Barack Obama

When is the National Child Cancer Awareness Day?

On May 23, 2008 this was announced: September 13, 2008 will now be recognized as “National Childhood Cancer Awareness Day” as a result of a Senate resolution introduced by U.S. Senators Wayne Allard (R-Colo.) and Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY).

How many drugs have been approved by the FDA to help treat childhood cancer in the past 30 years?

Only 2. Clofarabine in 2004, and Unituxin just March of last year. Before these, the last was teniposide in 1980. (https://www.thetruth365.org/cancer-facts/)

According to the American Childhood Cancer Organization (ACCO), how many children, under the age of 21, are diagnosed with cancer per year in the U.S.?

15,780 children under the age of 21 are diagnosed per year. (http://www.acco.org/us-childhood-cancer-statistics/)

How frequently are children diagnosed with cancer globally?

Each year, an estimated 300,000 children are diagnosed with cancer, or roughly once every two minutes. 24,600 parents will hear the words “you child has cancer” this month alone. (http://www.acco.org/global-childhood-cancer-statistics/)

What % of children diagnosed with cancer will survive in the US?

Roughly 88% of children diagnosed with cancer will survive. This is up from 10%, 50 years ago, thanks to research and advancement in medical technology—but 88% is not good enough. (http://curesearch.org/Childhood-Cancer-Statistics)

Which of these is not one of the top 5 occurring Pediatric Cancers?

Leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer occurring at 30%, followed by Brain Tumors 26%, Lymphoma 8%, Neuroblastoma 6%, Wilms Tumor 5%. (http://www.cancer.org/ cancer/cancerinchildren/detailedgui de/cancer- in-children-types-of-childhood-cancers)

What type of cancer affects the nervous system and is found most commonly in infants?

Quoted from cancer.org, "Neuroblastoma is a type of cancer that starts in certain very early forms of nerve cells found in an embryo or fetus. (The term neuro refers to nerves, while blastoma refers to a cancer that affects immature or developing cells). This type of cancer occurs most often in infants and young children. It is rarely found in children older than 10 years." (http://www.cancer.org/cancer/neuroblastoma/detailedguide/neuroblastoma-what-is-neuroblastoma)

What type of cancer typically starts in the lower part of the brain?

A childhood brain or spinal cord tumor is a disease in which abnormal cells form in the tissues of the brain or spinal cord. Brain tumors and other nervous system tumors make up about 27 percent of childhood cancers. (https://www.cancer.gov/types/brain/patient/child-brain-treatment-pdq)

What type of cancer starts in bone marrow and spreads to the blood?

ALL, or Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many immature lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). It is the most common type of cancer in children, accounting for 30% of all diagnosed cases. (https://www.cancer.gov/types/leukemia/patient/child-all-treatment-pdq)

What type of cancer is found in the kidneys and is the most common kidney cancer for children?

Wilms tumor is the most common form of kidney cancer in children. About 500 children are diagnosed within the United States each year and about 75% of those patients are under 5 years old. (http://curesearch.org/Wilms-Tumor-in-Children)

What type of cancer targets the body's lymph nodes?

Lymphoma starts in certain cells of the immune system called lymphocytes. These cancers affect lymph nodes and other lymph tissues, like the tonsils or thymus. They can also affect the bone marrow and other organs, and can cause different symptoms depending on where the cancer is growing. (https://www.roswellpark.org/cancertalk/201209/top-5-pediatric-cancers-warning-signs)

True or False, women who survived childhood cancer are unable to get pregnant.

A study recently published in The Lancet Oncology shows that female survivors of childhood cancer are within 10-15% as likely to achieve pregnancy as those who did not have cancer. Thanks to research and funding, we are learning more everyday about the effects of chemotherapy to reproductive system. (http://www.fitpregnancy.com/pregnancy/getting-pregnant/good-news-childhood-cancer-survivors-can-get-pregnant)

What % of all funding from pharmaceutical companies is dedicated to childhood cancer drug development?

Childhood cancer drugs are "not profitable" and thus receive less than 1% versus adult cancer drugs, which receive 60% of all funding from pharmaceutical companies. (https://www.stbaldricks.org/filling-the-funding-gap/)

How many adults in the US are childhood cancer survivors?

There are approximately 375,000 adult survivors of children's cancer in the United States. If the average person knows 600 people and there are 324,000,000 people in the US, chances are you or the person next to you knows an adult who survived childhood cancer. (http://curesearch.org/5-Year-Survival-Rate)

What acronym can be used to help remember how to detect childhood cancer?

[C]ontinued, unexplained weight loss—[H]eadaches, often with early morning vomiting—[I]ncreased swelling or persistent pain in bones, joints, back, or legs—[L]ump or mass, especially in the abdomen, neck, chest, pelvis, or armpits—[D]evelopment of excessive bruising, bleeding, or rash—[C]onstant infections—[A] whitish color behind the pupil—[N]ausea which persists or vomiting without nausea—[C]onstant tiredness or noticeable paleness—[E]ye or vision changes which occur suddenly and persist—[R]ecurrent or persistent fevers of unknown origin (http://www.ped-onc.org/diseases/SOCC.html)

With respect to Childhood Cancer, what does COG stand for?

The Children’s Oncology Group (COG), a National Cancer Institute supported clinical trials group, is the world’s largest organization devoted exclusively to childhood and adolescent cancer research. The COG unites more than 9,000 experts in childhood cancer at more than 200 leading children’s hospitals, universities, and cancer centers across North America, Australia, New Zealand, and Europe in the fight against childhood cancer. (https://www.childrensoncologygroup.org/)

How much of the federal government's total funding for cancer research is allocated to pediatric cancers?

Approximately 4% of the National Cancer Institute's annual budget is dedicated to childhood cancers. According to The Truth 365, "Ironically some of the most significant advances in the battle on cancer in general have been made by studying childhood cancers, with some of the most important genes involved in cancer first found to be mutated in pediatric cancers." (https://www.thetruth365.org/mission/)

What are the odds that a child will be diagnosed with cancer before age 20?

1 in 285: The chance a child will be diagnosed with cancer before the age of 20. (http://www.cancer.org/research/acsresearchupdates/childhoodcancer/2014-childhood-cancer-statistics-10-key-facts)

What's are some downsides with current treatments?

Cancer treatments can affect a child’s growth, fertility, and endocrine system. Child survivors may be permanently immunologically suppressed. Radiation to a child’s brain can significantly damage cognitive function, or if radiation is given at a very young age, limiting the ability to read, do basic math, tell time or even talk. Funding towards research can help with developing treatments with fewer downsides and higher success rates. (http://www.kidsvcancer.org/facts/)

What is T cell immunotherapy?

Trials are running through Seattle Children's Hospital with 93% success rate. Read about Zane's journey to complete remission: (http://pulse.seattlechildrens.org/doughnut-shop-tip-in-texas-leads-family-to-seattle-for-immunotherapy-cancer-trial-zane-becomes-t-cell-explorer/)

Can childhood cancer be prevented?

No - the causes of most childhood cancers are unknown and therefore cannot be prevented. (http://curechildhoodcancer.ning.com/page/facts-1)

Rates of childhood cancer survival has improved significantly since the 1970’s. Which diagnosis has the highest survival rate at 95%?

Hodgkin's Lymphoma has a 97.2% 5 year survival rate followed closely by Wilms Tumor at 93.1% and A.L.L. at 90%. (http://curesearch.org/5-Year-Survival-Rate)

The average age that a child is diagnosed with cancer is:

The average age at diagnosis is 6 years old, while adults’ average age for cancer diagnosis is 66. (https://www.thetruth365.org/cancer-facts/)

A serious concern with cancer is the financial impact. For families of children with a childhood cancer, what percentage will have some level of financial hardship?

A study published March of 2014 revealed that 94% of families experience financial disruption. 42% of families have at least one parent quit their jobs, while 19% even describe their child's illness as a great economic hardship. (http://www.jpsmjournal.com/article/S0885-3924(13)00310-2/abstract?cc=y=)

How can you make a difference?

Anything, anytime, anywhere. Talk to your friends, volunteer as a hospital, build a team, or even simply, share this quiz!

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