How Well Do You Know Your Catholic Bible Basics?

By: Olivia Cantor
Image: YouTube

About This Quiz

The Bible is the most important book for Roman Catholics. How well do you know information about this Bible, and what’s in it? Take this quiz on Catholic bible basics and find out how much of the Good Book you really know.

What are the two major parts of the Bible?

The Old and New Testaments are the major divisions of the Bible. The Old Testament was written before Christ was born, the New Testament after he died.

What does the legal-sounding "testament" mean?

The word "testament" also means "contract." In the Bible’s case, they’re relationships with rules, between human and God.

Which famous former Egyptian noble wrote most of the early books in the Old Testament?

Moses was adopted by Egyptian royalty, before becoming an important figure in the Bible. He wrote the first five books of the Old Testament.

What is the feel-good meaning of "gospel," as the word?

The term "gospel" is translated from an old phrase meaning "good news." Of course, they were about the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

What language was the Old Testament originally written in?

Most of the Old Testament was written in the Hebrew language. It's the language of Israelites, and is spoken today by over 9 million people.

What were the eight blessings that Jesus Christ taught?

The Eight Beatitudes are Jesus' equivalent of the Ten Commandments. In fact, people say they are the commandments, given a new spin with Christ's teachings.

For the Catholic Church, what's in the Bible, really?

The Bible is seen as God's words. The belief is that the Bible was written by people who were inspired by God Himself, and through their writing, His will is revealed.

The Bible is appropriately named. What does "Bible" mean if translated from its root word?

The Bible is probably the most obviously named book ever made. The word "Bible" is taken from "ta biblia," or "the books."

The Pentateuch is an important section of the Bible. Which books were they?

The Pentateuch is the name for the first five books of the Bible. They are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Why are Matthew, Mark, Luke and John so important?

Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are the four people who supposedly wrote the basic text for the four gospels, the books about Jesus. They were written at different times.

We know that many people wrote the parts of the Bible. How many were in this crowd?

The actual authors of the Bible may never be known. Estimates put it at 40 or more writers.

What were the early chapters of Genesis, the first book, all about?

The early chapters of the Book of Genesis described the beginning of everything from a certain point of view. It also sets the idea that God really is the Creator.

This language was used for the New Testament. What was this ancient language of an empire?

The New Testament was written in Greek. It was the common language in the historic times after Christ died.

What did God give the Israelites as the original guide set in stone in the Old Testament?

The Ten Commandments were given to Moses to be followed by the Israelites. These commandments are the basis for most, if not all, of the code of laws they had at the time.

Were named books, like Job, really written by them?

Though some writings may have been passed on from the person the book is named after, none of the books in the Bible were written wholly by the named authors.

Why are there so many versions of Jesus' life in the New Testament?

The four gospels were meant for different audiences. That way, the same teachings and stories from Christ's life could better reach out to as many people as possible.

In the Old Testament, who did God enter into a spiritual contract with?

In the Old Testament, God entered into a spiritual contract with the people of Israel, through Abraham and leaders in his family lineage. The books of the Old Testament are a history of that contract.

The Book of Exodus was partly a story of about freedom. What were people freed from?

The Book of Exodus was, in the beginning, a tale of how Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt. They wandered in the desert for many years after.

What was Revelations, the last book, all about?

The Book of Revelations is, for some, the grimmest of the books of the Bible. This last book talks about what'll happen at the end of the world, and everything as we know it.

In the New Testament, this apostle wrote 14 of the books. Who was this overachieving holy man?

Paul the Apostle wasn't one of the original 12 apostles. However, he was one of the most important figures in the years after Jesus Christ's death, as he founded many churches.

While the term "Trinity" is used for Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, how many times was it used in the Bible?

The term "Trinity" or "Holy Trinity" hasn't been used in the Bible. However, mentioning the Father, Son and Holy Spirit in one thought or passage happens many times.

What important event in the New Testament created the Holy Mass?

The rituals that Christ established in the Last Supper were the beginnings of our Holy Mass. In particular, the spiritual conversion of bread and wine to body and blood of Christ has its roots here.

What was the ultimate sacrifice that Jesus Christ made for humanity?

Jesus Christ's suffering and death through crucifixion was an ultimate sacrifice. It was an offering to seal the pact between God and humanity.

What was Jesus Christ's miracle after he was crucified?

Jesus Christ rose up from the dead on the third day. After dying as a human, he rose in his true form as the Son of God.

God provides. What did he give the Israelites as food when they were wandering in the desert?

The Book of Exodus mentions that when the Israelites needed food in the desert, God provided. It was called manna, a flakey substance they could bake into cakes.

What triggered the walls of Jericho to fall?

The Israelites needed to bring the walls of Jericho down. After some instructions from God, they used trumpets and shouting to shatter the walls, and invade the city.

Which unwelcome "person" visited Jesus when he was fasting for forty days in the desert?

When Jesus was in the desert to fast and meditate, Satan came to him. He tempted Jesus by trying to make him use his divine powers for selfish reasons.

What was Eden, and why was it so important?

Eden was the Garden that God created where everything was perfect. It was where humans first lived.

What did the forbidden fruit give to anyone who ate it?

The forbidden fruit is from the tree of knowledge. Eating one makes you self-aware. In the Bible, Adam and Eve realized they were naked after eating one of the fruits.

What did Delilah do to Samson to make him powerless?

Delilah betrayed the warrior Samson by cutting off his hair, which was key to his strength. He later regained his strength, and took his enemies with him to the grave.

The Apostles were very important in the New Testament. Who were they?

The 12 Apostles were Jesus Christ's most trusted followers. At least some of them were probably leaders and capable men in their own right, such as Peter and Judas.

Why did God destroy Sodom and Gomorrah?

In the Bible, God had looked with displeasure at the many sins happening within the walls of Sodom and Gomorrah. Lot, a good man, tried to save the cities. He needed to find a few good men. He failed.

Why did Lot's wife turn into a pillar of salt?

After Lot failed to find a certain amount of good people in Sodom and Gomorrah, God instructed Lot to leave with his family, but that they should never look back. Lot's wife did, and was turned into a pillar of salt.

Toward the end, Jesus drove out people from the temple grounds. Why did he get angry?

Jesus wanted to keep the spirit of the temple pure, so to speak. What he did was chase out all the merchants.

When Jesus turned water into wine at the wedding of Cana, who was the only person who convinced him to show his divine power?

Mother Mary was the one who requested that Jesus help the wedding by turning water into wine. Some scholars say that this was the First Miracle, and was a sign of things to come.

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