Do You Know Which of These Animals Is the Predator and Which Is the Prey?

By: Kennita Leon
Image: Original

About This Quiz

Sometimes it's hard to determine who's at the top of the food chain. So we're going to give you two animals, and you'll tell us who hunts who. Let's get started!

Well known for its ‘laughter,' Hyenas are carnivorous mammals found most commonly in grasslands and savannas in Africa. Being hunters, they prey on large mammals like wildebeest and zebras. Hyenas are able to digest every part of their prey, including bones.

Sea lions are often considered cousins to seals. The two, although being part of the same family, have many different physical characteristics. Sea lions, being the larger of the two, consume approximately 8 percent of their body weight in fish and squid.

Weighing a mere 24 pounds and with a lifespan of just four years is the Vulpe Vulpe or Red Fox. Infamous for being cunning, these omnivorous mammals are found all over the globe in grasslands, forests, savannas and suburban areas. Red foxes feed primarily on rodents and rabbits and may sometimes include vegetables in their diet.

The forefathers of pigs, wild boars or hogs look much like a domesticated pig. The only difference is that they are a little rough around the edges. Found mostly in forests in Europe and Asia, wild boars eat anything, but prey mostly on berries, worms, and roots.

This spotted member of the Wildcat family can be found in sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, India, and China. Leopards, like lions, are carnivorous and swift hunters. These powerful creatures hunt mainly antelopes using a sneak attack approach. They are also strong enough to haul their kill to treetops.

One of the largest birds in existence, eagles are considered birds of prey. The key characteristics of eagles are their heavy heads and beaks, excellent vision and large talons. These attributes make them deadly predators of small mammals such as squirrels, rabbits, and raccoons.

These nocturnal creatures have a heightened sense of sight and smell. Similar to a weasel, badgers have long bodies and short legs ideal for digging. European badgers feed mostly on insects and grub, while African Honey badgers prey on snakes and porcupines.

The largest predatory fish, Great White sharks are perhaps the most popular type of shark. They feature a white belly, bullet-shaped heads and a jaw of 300 serrated teeth. It is a very common misconception that human beings are the prey of sharks. Great Whites feed on sea lions, seals and sea turtles.

Found mostly in North America, coyotes are members of the dog family and are growing in number. Found in forests and mountains, these wolf-like creatures are opportunistic omnivores; they feed on whatever is available. This includes primarily rabbits, rodents, and deer. They may occasionally feed on grass and fruits.

Thanks to their massive build, black bears sit at the top of the food chain. Black bears are omnivorous mammals and inhabit forest areas. More than 60 percent of their diet is comprised of plants, fruits, grass, and nuts. They feed on carrion (dead animals) immediately after hibernation.

Indigenous to the rivers of South America, piranhas are world-famous ferocious, carnivorous fish. Contrary to popular belief created by the movie industry, piranhas do not normally feed on human flesh. Nearly thirty species exist, some of which are omnivorous and feed mainly on plants and seeds. Those that are carnivorous hunt down larger fish and mammals biting off their tails and eyes first.

The Grizzly bear is a North American subspecies of the brown bear. Grizzlies are named after their grizzly fur and may also feed on fruits and nuts.

Wolverines are the biggest member of the weasel family and are solitary, very powerful animals that inhabit remote forests and tundra in Europe, North America, and Asia. Being omnivorous, they feed on berries and plants during summer but are also strong predators of rodents and rabbits during winter.

An oversized roar-less housecat which inhabits mountains and deserts, cougars can be found in western states of North America, Florida and South America. Commonly called a puma or mountain lion, cougars prey primarily on deer.

Only able to live in the coldest areas, polar bears are covered in fur as white as snow, allowing for easy camouflage against the ice of the Arctic region. Polar bears are the largest bear species and can weigh up to 1,600 pounds. These massive mammals prey mostly on seals and can often be found near ice cracks and breathing holes where seals surface.

Often used for laboratory experiments, rats are rodents and pests. Rats are opportunistic omnivorous feeders and thus have a wide diet. They eat anything from seeds, plants, fruits, and insects.

A very popular feathered predator, hawks are smaller in size when compared eagles. Best-known for their swift diving and sneak attack, hawks hunt rabbits, snakes, and lizards. They often hunt at dawn.

Mythically, harpies are monsters with the body of a bird and the head of a woman. Birds resembling this creature can be found in the rainforests of Brazil and Panama. Harpy eagles as they are called, are carnivorous hunters and feed on tree-dwellers such as sloths and monkeys.

World-famous for their large eyes, hooting and being portrayed as a symbol of wisdom, owls are nocturnal carnivores. They hunt quietly at night, preying primarily on rodents using a swooping attack.

A native of the Indo-Pacific and called zebrafish or butterfly-cod, the lionfish is a brightly colored, striped fish with several venomous spiked rays making them excellent predators. Current invaders of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, lionfish prey on smaller fish and mollusks. They do so by using their pectoral fins and rays to corner their prey.

One of the oldest, most primitive reptiles, turtles are very adaptive and are able to withstand various climates. Thus, they can be found all over the world. They are aquatic by nature and often confused with tortoises. Turtles are omnivores and feed mostly on algae, plants and small fish.

​The king of the jungle and the largest cat in existence, lions are well-known carnivores and hunters. Inhabiting the savannas of Africa, lions are the only cats to live in groups called prides. Their mane-less female counterparts, lionesses, are the primary hunters of the pride and hunt down larger animals such as antelopes, wildebeests, and zebras in groups.

In this rare instance, both answers are correct. Crocodiles prey on humans, whether they're hungry or whether they have been provoked. But humans also prey on crocs; their skin is used for accessories, and their meat is a delicacy to certain people.

Sperm whales inhabit tropical waters and have the largest brain on earth. They are named after spermaceti; an oily fluid found in large amounts in their heads. These giant mammals consume nearly a ton of squid and fish per day.

A long-necked, long-legged, long-beaked bird found near swamps and marshes in the tropics, herons are usually referred to as egrets. They feed on fish and frogs while wading in shallow waters.

Wildcats as they are sometimes called, live in the forests and swamps of North America. Bobcats are so named due to their bobbed tails and are twice as large as housecats. They are able to pounce upon prey -- rabbits, birds, and mice -- from 10 feet away.

Ocelots, like bobcats, are a type of nocturnal wildcat found mostly in South America. They are similar in size and are covered in a once valuable coat of reddish gray with dark spots and stripes. These solitary hunters feed on rabbits, snakes, and birds.

The largest cat inhabiting South America, jaguars, unlike most of their feline cousins, are very good swimmers. This enables them to prey on turtles, fish, and caiman. They also feed on deer. Jaguars kill by piercing the skull and brain of their prey with just one bite.

Often confused with alligators, crocs have a longer thinner jaw. They can be found in the tropical regions of Africa, Australia, North and South America and Asia. Known for their jaw-snapping attacks, crocodiles prey on fish birds, crustaceans, and frogs, swallowing them whole.

Although lions are largely associated with Africa, there exist two types; the Asiatic Lion and the African lion. The African lion inhabits Sub-Saharan Africa and has a fuller mane. They hunt animals of weights between 420-1,210 pounds, such as zebra, wildebeests, and buffalo.

As portrayed by the Looney Tunes character, a key characteristic of Tasmanian devils is their instantaneous full-fled rage. This is often displayed when males are squabbling over food and is also a defense mechanism against predators. The world's largest marsupials, found in Australia, Tasmanian devils are carnivorous and feed primarily on snakes, birds, and fish.

The term anaconda, although officially a group name, is most commonly used to refer the largest snake in the world; the green anaconda. Found in the swamps and marshes in the rainforests of South America, the green anaconda is a nonvenomous snake. It kills by wrapping its 30-foot ​long body around prey of wild pigs and deer and suffocating them. It then swallows them whole.

With a slender body, long neck, short legs and small face, weasels are able to easily dig into the burrows of their prey. These carnivorous mammals feed primarily on rabbits, mice, and rats.

Cunning and witty, foxes are social creatures found all over the world. Often mistaken as a wolf or jackal, they are easily differentiated by their bushy tail and pointed nose. Foxes are omnivorous and thus feed on a combination of lizards, rats, and fruits.

Smaller cousins of the Great White shark, bull sharks are considered the shark most likely to attack a human being as they frequent the shallow ocean waters of the tropics. They are so-named because of their head-butt attack, similar to that of a bull. Bull sharks do not have a specific prey and as a result, feed on whatever crosses their path, which may include fish as well as other sharks.

Residing in the treetops of forests in Central and South America, margays are of the cat family. Slightly smaller than the ocelot, margays feed on other tree-dwellers such as squirrels, opossums, and sloths.

Native to Southeast Asia, pythons are nonvenomous snakes. They have narrow heads with curved fangs, allowing for a defeating strike on their prey of rodents and birds. Given their poor eyesight, pythons rely on the chemical receptors on their tongue and heat sensors near their jaw to locate prey.

The largest cats on the planet, tigers are known for their distinct striped coats of orange and black. The national animal of India and Bangladesh, tigers are an endangered species. These felines prey on ungulates such as deer and wild pigs. Tigers are well equipped for hunting with large canine teeth and a leap of up to 33 feet.

Komodo dragons are one of the largest and oldest reptiles to exist, weighing up to 300 pounds. They inhabit the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia. As dominant predators, Komodo dragons feed on animals larger than themselves. Thier diet includes deer, pigs, and carrion. The saliva of the Komodo dragon is very poisonous, so even if a victim escapes, it perishes.

One of the largest and fastest creatures in the ocean, the marlin is often mistaken for a swordfish. Native to the Indian, Atlantic, and Pacific oceans, marlins use their spear-like bills to wound schools of mackerel and tuna which they then consume. Although they prefer surface water, they occasionally dive lower to feed on squid.

Living in shallow waters of warm, tropical seas is the bass or sea bass, as it is more commonly called. There are several varied species of the fish, all of which are carnivorous. They feed on smaller fish, mollusks, and crustaceans.

One of the oldest reptiles, turtles carry an exoskeleton; a very large shell in which they sometimes hide. The difference between a tortoise and a turtle is that turtles are aquatic and thus have fin-shaped limbs. They feed on algae, plants and small fish.

The largest of the gar species, the alligator gar can only be found in Central and North America. So-named because of its alligator-like jaws and olive-green scaled body, these fish are opportunistic feeders. They feed primarily on fish but may also eat turtles and waterfowl.

Popularly considered the cutest aquatic mammal, dolphins inhabit warm and temperate seas. They are often held in captivity for shows. Dolphins are carnivorous and prey on fish using echolocation to find them.

A stunning bird of prey, falcons have pointed wings which allow for swift flight. Coupled with a notch in their bill, they are dominant predators of mice, hare, and smaller birds. Falcons are found worldwide.

Found near coral reefs in the tropical waters of the Caribbean Sea, the Atlantic goliath grouper is a ridiculously large saltwater fish. Recognized as an endangered species, the Goliath grouper, or Jewfish, is carnivorous and feeds on crustaceans, octopods, and fish.

These laughing dogs inhabit the grasslands and savannas of Africa. Able to digest every part of their prey, hyenas are opportunistic feeders. They hunt primarily wildebeests and zebras.

Best known for being aggressive, these turtles have a rough shell, hooked jaws, and stumps with sharp claws instead of fins. They are found in the swamps of North America, Canada, Mexico and Central America. Although omnivorous, snapping turtles have a sweet tooth for meat and as a result, feed primarily on fish and frogs.

A very popular feathered predator, hawks are smaller in size when compared to an eagle. Best known for their swift diving and sneak attack, hawks hunt rabbits, snakes, and lizards. They often hunt at dawn.

What may be confused with a seagull is sometimes an albatross. Their wings extend to a marvelous 11feet, the longest wingspan among birds. They prey primarily on squid and fish.

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