Do You Know What These Bible Characters Are Best Known For?

J. Reinoehl

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About This Quiz

There are many famous people in the Bible. Names like David, Mary, and Paul may be familiar, but do you know what made some of these men and women famous? Find out by taking this quiz. (All verses are KJV.)

Who was known for crossing the Red Sea and leading the Israelites out of Egypt?

“And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.” –Exodus 14: 27

Who was known for killing Goliath?

In the Middle East, it was common for champions of each army to battle in order to determine the winner of the confrontation. Records of similar situations are recorded in both the Iliad and Gilgamesh.

For what was Mary famous?

“Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a public example, was minded to put her away privily.” –Matthew 1:18-19

For what was Abraham known?

Abraham was commanded to leave his home in Ur and travel to Canaan, which he did. Although his family came with him, at least some of them remained in Haran and did not follow him all the way to the Promised Land.

Who was famous for being “a voice crying in the wilderness”?

“As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.” –Mark 1: 2-4

Who was known for denying he knew Jesus three times in one night?

“And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, ‘Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.’ And he went out, and wept bitterly.” –Matthew 26:75

What woman was known as Adam’s wife, the first woman?

The name “Eden” may come from the Sumerian word “eden,” which means “an open field.” “Eden” is also a Semetic word that means “delight” or “luxury.”

Which prophet was known for being taken up to heaven in a flaming chariot?

“And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.” –2 Kings 2:11

Which son of David became king and was known for his wisdom?

Since David spent most of his life fighting, the honor of building a temple for the Lord went to Solomon. Archaeological evidence suggests Solomon’s building plans did not stop there. He apparently fortified several cities with the newly-developed casement walls and built many administrative buildings.

Who is known for traveling with Paul on his first missionary journey?

“And when Saul was come to Jerusalem, he assayed to join himself to the disciples: but they were all afraid of him, and believed not that he was a disciple. But Barnabas took him, and brought him to the apostles, and declared unto them how he had seen the Lord in the way, and that he had spoken to him, and how he had preached boldly at Damascus in the name of Jesus.” –Acts 9:26-27

What was King Ahab known for?

The Bible refers to the Northern Kingdom as both Israel and Samaria. It split apart from the South after King Solomon died. Sadly, Israel’s kings set up idols throughout their lands and their wickedness kept getting worse until Ahab and Jezebel’s reign.

Who was known for building an ark to survive a flood?

Most ancient cultures have a flood story. The one from Mesopotamia is included in Gilgamesh.

Who was known for going blind on the road to Damascus and changing his name?

Paul (Saul) was a learned convert and went on three missionary journeys. He would begin preaching in the synagogues of each city, but frequently the Hebrew people would reject his message.

Which girl is known for becoming queen of Persia and saving the Jewish people from annihilation?

“…When the king's commandment and his decree was heard and when many maidens were gathered together unto Shushan the palace… Esther was brought also unto the king's house... And the maiden pleased him, and she obtained kindness of him…” –Esther 2:8-9

Who was known for allowing the Pharisees to crucify Jesus?

Pontius Pilate was the Roman governor of Judea A. D. 26-36. His duties would have been primarily to keep the peace and to collect taxes, but the area was filled with political discord. He was recalled to Rome because he killed a group of Samaritans.

What was Judas Iscariot known for?

“When Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, Saying, 'I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood.' And they said, ‘What is that to us? see thou to that.’” –Matthew 27: 3-4

Which woman married Boaz and is known for remaining to care for her mother-in-law after her husband died?

The city gate in ancient times was a place where many business transactions took place, such as the arrangement for Boaz to marry Ruth. Archeologists have discovered raised seats with awnings over them—possibly for a judge or ruler—and benches near the gate so people could easily gather.

Who was known for being the first martyr?

“Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord, And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man's feet, whose name was Saul. And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, 'Lord Jesus, receive my spirit'.” –Acts 7:57-59

Who is known for being devoted to God even when Satan afflicted him with sores and used his friends to give him poor advice?

Job made sacrifices for his family like the patriarchs- Noah, Abraham, Isaac, etc. It is possible the book dates to that time. The latest the book could have been written is during King Solomon’s reign.

Who was known as a physician who traveled with Paul and wrote a gospel?

“Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you. Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church which is in his house.” –Colossians 4:14-15

Who was known for decreeing all young children and infants in Bethlehem were to be murdered?

“Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth… And slew all the children that were in Bethlehem and in all the coasts thereof from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently inquired of the wise men. Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying, ‘In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning...’” –Matthew 2:16-18a

Which woman was known for cutting Samson’s hair and causing him to lose his strength?

“And when Delilah saw that he had told her all his heart, she sent and called for the lords of the Philistines… And she made him sleep upon her knees; and… She caused him to shave off the seven locks of his head… And his strength went from him...” –Judges 16:18-19

Which prophet is known for anointing two kings of Israel and is also known as the last judge of Israel?

In original manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel is one scroll. The prophet Samuel marked the end of Israel’s theocracy and the beginning of its monarchy.

Which prophet is known for his disobedience and for being swallowed by a large fish?

“Now the word of the LORD came unto Jonah… saying, ‘Arise, go to Nineveh… and cry against it; for their wickedness is come up before me.' But Jonah rose up to flee unto Tarshish from the presence of the LORD...” –Jonah 1:1-3a

Who was known as a deceiver and for marrying two women because his father-in-law tricked him?

Jacob used deception to get his brother’s blessing, but he had to flee as a result. He fled to Laban, who turned the tables and tricked him into working 14 years to get the wife he wanted.

What was Lazarus known for?

“ And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth. And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.” –John 11:43-44

Which prophet was known for being thrown into a den of lions?

Daniel was taken to Babylon during the first exile. In all, there were three different times when the Babylonians took people from Israel and Judah to Babylon.

Who was known for almost being sacrificed by his father?

Many pictures portray Isaac as a small boy on the altar. Hebrew tradition has him at about 32 years old. He was at least old enough to carry a large bundle of wood, making him an older teenager at the youngest.

Who is famous for doubting Jesus had risen from the dead?

“But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said unto him, ‘We have seen the LORD.' But he said unto them, 'Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.’” –John 20:24-25

For what was Joshua known?

Most of what we know about the Canaanites comes from the city or Ugarit, which was located in northern Syria. A library of stone tablets was found there from this time period.

Who is known for being the only female judge mentioned in the Bible?

“And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time. And she dwelt under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in mount Ephraim: and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment.” –Judges 4:4-5

Who was known for being sold into slavery by his brothers but later saving them from famine?

There was an ancient trading route that ran from Egypt to Mesopotamia. The road ran past the Mediterranean Sea, passing just west of Dothan on its way through Megiddo.

Who was known for being the high priest at Jesus’s trial?

“Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, and consulted that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him. But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar among the people.” –Matthew 26:3-5

Who was leading exiles back to Jerusalem and teaching them the law as they were rebuilding the city?

At the time of Ezra, a shekel was the average amount of money paid for a month’s worth of work. The shekel would have been made from about 11.34 g or 0.4 oz of silver.

For what was Priscilla known?

“And Paul, after this, tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a vow...” –Acts 18:18

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