Do You Know These UNESCO World Heritage Sites?

By: Khadija Leon
Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

With over 1000 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, it can be difficult to remember all of them. Take this quiz to see how well you know these international monuments!

Located in the Southern Pacific Ocean is Easter Island, a Chilean island most famous for its 887 iconic extant statues called moai, which were constructed by the early Rapa Nui people. In 1995, the island joined the list of the World Heritage Sites, which protects it from being destroyed.

The Red Square and Kremlin are located in Moscow, Russia, and the latter is the official residence of the Russian president. The two sites have been considered a major part of the country’s history and is a major tourist attraction for visitors who go to the city.

This prehistoric monument is located in Wiltshire, England and consists of a ring of stones which are over 13 feet in height. The site which has been rumored to be constructed between 3000 and 2000 BC, has often been called a burial ground as several hundred burial mounds have been found there.

The Temple of Heaven is a religious building located in Beijing, China which was constructed in 1420. For decades, the temple was visited by emperors of both the Ming and Qing dynasties to thank the heavens for the good harvest.

Located on the beautiful island of St. Lucia are two mountains named Gros (big) and Petit (small) Piton. They are 2530 feet and 2438 feet tall respectively and are located in separate towns, but when viewed from an angle appear to be right next to each other.

Yellowstone National Park is located across three states; Wyoming, Montana and Idaho, and it was the first national park in the United States. The park is known for its diverse wildlife, numerous geothermal features (including Old Faithful) and many different types of ecosystems which are spread out among 2 million acres.

Standing over 12,000 feet high on Honshu Island, Japan, is the stratovolcano known as Mount Fuji. Although its last eruption was in 1708, the volcano is still listed as active. Along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku, Mount Fuji makes up the last of Japan’s “Three Holy Mountains”.

The Statue of Liberty is a 150-foot-tall copper statue located on Liberty Island in Manhattan, New York. The statue was built by Gustave Eiffel (the same man who was responsible for the Eiffel Tower), and is said to be a gift from France to the United States to celebrate their independence.

The Galapagos islands are a group of 21 volcanic islands which are a part of the Republic of Ecuador. The islands were first made famous by Charles Darwin and are known throughout the world for having a wide range of species which are only found there.

Located in the Julian Alps in the northwestern region of Slovenia, near the town of Bled, is Lake Bled. The lake is over 4500 feet wide and has a small island (Bled Island) located in the middle of it. The lake is known throughout Europe for being one of the most picturesque settings in the world.

The Jurassic Coast is 96 miles of coastal space located in the southern part of England. The stretch of coast goes from Devon to Studland Bay and has over 150 million years of geological history associated with it, which is why it was added to the World Heritage List in 2001.

Located in the Mandalay Region of Myanmar, lies the temples of Bagan. Sometime between the 9th and 13th century, this city was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom. Of the 10,000 temples and pagodas that were built during that time, just over 2,000 of them remain today.

Formally known as the Alpine region of Switzerland, this area comprises more than 5 mountains, all of which are the tallest of the Alpine mountains. The Alps cover more than half of the country’s surface area and have many different climatic zones and regions.

The ruins of Tulum, which was one of the last known Mayan cities, can be found on a small cliff on the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. The now-popular tourist site was once home to the native Mayans, but after the Spanish settlers brought diseases to the country, many of them died while the others left.

The Cultural Landscape of Bali is made up of five rice terraces spread over almost 50,000 acres of land. The fields and water system are upheld by a complex series of canals that date as far back to the 9th century. You can also find the Royal Temple of Pura Taman Ayun on this island.

The Iguazu Falls are the world’s largest system of waterfalls, and are located between Argentina and Brazil. The longest drop from the falls is estimated at 270 feet, and they are spread over one and a half miles. The legend behind this river is that a deity sliced the river in half as a result of his fiancée running away with his mortal lover.

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest, largest and oldest of the three pyramids located in the Giza complex, and stands over 480 feet tall. Like many other pyramids, this one is also a tomb where Egypt’s pharaohs were buried in order to send them to the afterlife.

Built many centuries ago, the Great Wall of China is the most iconic structure in the country and is over 5,000 miles long. The wall was built in order to protect the Chinese empire against raids as well as for the purpose of border control.

Machu Picchu was an Incan Citadel located on a mountain ridge almost 800 feet above sea level in the Urubamba Province in Colombia. Archeologists have estimated that the city was built around 1450 and in recent times, has had over 400,000 tourist visits annually.

Wulingyuan, which is located in Hunan Province in China, is unlike any other place found on earth as it contains over 3,000 quartzite sandstone pillars that exceed 650 feet in height. Fun fact: The beautiful floating pillars seen in James Cameron’s Avatar were inspired by Wulingyuan.

Located in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina, Los Glaciares National Park’s name refers to one of the largest ice caps in the Andes, and consists of huge mountains and glacial lakes. The park recently celebrated its 80th anniversary, which inspired a popular Google doodle.

The Forbidden City is also called the Palace Kingdom and Go Gong in the native Chinese and it is located in Beijing. During the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911), these grounds which were first built by Emperor Chengzu, served as the imperial palace for more than 20 Emperors after him.

The Piazza del Duomo, which is found in Italy, is home to many of the country’s most popular monuments. These include a cathedral, a cemetery, a baptistry and a campanile, better known as the Leaning Tower of Pisa.

Plitvice Lakes National Park was founded in 1949, and is the largest national park in Croatia, measuring over 73,000 acres. The park is known for its beautiful cascading lakes, which come in a range of different colors. Some of the lakes are as a result of water flowing off of the mountain, some 2,000 feet above it.

Located in the Indian city of Agra, the Taj Mahal is a stunning mausoleum that is not only a UNESCO World Heritage Site, but also one of the Seven Wonders of the World. The building was commissioned by Shah Jaham, Mughal emperor who wanted a tomb to house the remains of his favorite wife; Mumtaz Mahal.

Sigiriya, sometimes called Sinhagiri, is a 660-foot-tall rock fortress located in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Local Sri Lankan archives state that King Kasyapa chose the site where he built his palace, but it was later abandoned after he died.

Chichen Itza (which mean “At the mouth of the well of the Itza”) was just one of the many structures built by the Mayan people when they lived in Yucatan, Mexico from AD 600-1200. On a tourist visit to the ancient city, you will find temples, the Mayan Calendar stone and the stunning Pyramid of Kukulkan.

Antonia Gaudi was a Spanish architect who was responsible for many of the unique structures found around Barcelona. Some of these include Park Guell, Casa Mila, El Capricho, Casa Batllo and the extremely popular Sagrada Familia.

The Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto, found in Japan, consist of 17 different locations in the city of Kyoto and its surrounding areas. At these sites, you will find Buddhist temples, a castle as well as the popular Shinto shrines.

The Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, which is located in the Northern Territory of Australia, is a sandstone monolith which stands over 1,000 feet tall. This natural monument has significant importance to Australia’s indigenous people and is still being used to practice their traditional laws.

When most people think about Australia, the first place that comes to mind is the iconic Opera House. Located in Sydney, South Wales, the building is a performing arts venue which was designed by Jorn Utzon and opened by Queen Elizabeth II in October 1973.

The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor took over 35 years to be built and is the final resting place of Emperor Qin. The mausoleum is situated under a tall mound in the shape of a truncated pyramid.

Located in Livingstone, Zambia is one of CNN’s Seven Natural Wonders of the World, Victoria Falls. This waterfall is the largest in the world, as it has a combined width of over 5000 feet and a height exceeding 300 feet.

Near the border of Sudan, in the Southern part of Egypt, are the Abu Simbel temples. The two rock temples were carved out of the mountain, sometime around the 13th century BC during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II to honor himself and his queen.

The Great Barrier Reef is home to the largest system of coral reefs in the world. Spread over 130,000 miles and located off the coast of Queensland, Australia, there are over 2,500 individual reefs, some of which can be seen from space. Because of the diversity of life that the reef houses, it was named a World Heritage Site in 1981.

Located between New Zealand and Australia in the Tasman Sea is Lord Howe’s Island. The island’s population is less than 400, and as such, much of the island has been left in its natural state. On satellite imagery, the 370-mile island appears to be shaped like a crescent moon.

Cappadocia, which is located in what we now know as Turkey, is known throughout the world for having a very unique landscape, almost as if it was a different planet. There are also numerous underground cities and houses carved into the rocks.

Vatican City is actually a country (the smallest in the world) located in the city of Rome. Ruled by the pope, there are numerous world-class sites in this 110-acre zone, some of which include St. Peter’s Basilica, the Vatican Museums and the Sistine Chapel.

Petra, which was formerly called Raqmu by the Nabataeans, and called Rose City by for its beautiful color, is located in the southern part of Jordan. This city, which has been around since 300 BC, is best known for its iconic rock statues and water conduit system.

Ha Long Bay is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Vietnam and is known for having hundreds of limestone rocks in many sizes among over 1000 islands. Many fishing villages are located around the bay and there is even a floating village.

The Palace of Westminster, which is also known as the Houses of Parliament, sits on the north bank of the River Thames in Central London, England. The building contains over 1,000 rooms spread out over 1,200,000 square feet, and includes numerous towers, a royal gallery, the lord’s chamber and a robing room for the queen.

The Silk Road/Route was a system of land and sea routes that were used to transport goods throughout regions of Europe and Asia. This trading system was named after silk, and while it was largely traded, many other things were traded along the route, one of which was the Black Plague.

The Historic Centre of St. Petersburg was the first Russian site to be added to UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites. It was built sometime in the 18th century and is now the second largest city in Russia, with an estimated population of 5 million people.

Qal’at al-Bahrain is also known as Bahrain Fort, and as you’ve guessed it, it is located along the Arabian Peninsula, in Bahrain. This site was the capital of the Dilmun civilization, and archaeological findings suggest that the city was occupied for over 5,000 years.

Huangshan, which means ‘Yellow Mountain’ in Chinese, is filled with dense vegetation and a treeline that exceed 5000 feet. Once on top of the mountain, you can catch some amazing views of the clouds from up above.

Prambanan, which is also called Rara Jonggrang, is a Hindu temple, located in Central Java, Indonesia. It was constructed sometime in the 9th century. Built as a dedication to Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu, the Trimurti, this is the largest temple in Indonesia and brings in numerous visitors every year.

Angkor Wat is one of the largest religious temples in the world and sits on over 400 acres of land. Located in Cambodia, this monument was originally a Hindu temple but was later transformed into a Buddhist temple. The structure is of such importance to the country that it appears on their flag.

The Giant’s Causeway, which is located in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, consists of 40,000 basalt columns, most of which are hexagonally shaped. The towers range in height, most not exceeding 40 feet.

Purchased in 1569 by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II, this palace was home to many Viennese imperialists. The palace was only opened to the public in 1779 and is now a popular destination to both tourists and locals alike.

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