Can You Identify These European Flags?

WORLD

Kennita Leon

7 Min Quiz

Image: Shutterstock

About This Quiz

Identifying European flags is no easy task, just because many of them are so similar to each other. Do you know enough about the continent to guess which flags belong to which countries?

Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of France is a tricolored symbol which has vertical stripes of blue, white and red; each stripe is the same width. It became a symbol that stood for freedom during the French Revolution in the late 18th century. The three colors remind the French of the creation of the new French Republic.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of the United Kingdom, also called the Union Jack, has been in use since the early 17th century when the king of Scotland also became the king of England. The flag is an amalgamation of the three flags of England, Wales, and Scotland. It can be dissected to show each country's flag.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Andorra, also known as the Principality of Andorra or the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra, is a small country bordered by France and Spain. Adopted in 1866, the country’s flag consists of vertical stripes of blue, yellow and red, while its coat of arms reflects its ties to France and Spain. Miter and crutches point to Spain’s influence while the two red cows indicate France’s power.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Adopted in 1912, the Albanian flag represents the country’s independence from the Ottoman Empire. The flag consists of a red background which indicates strength, bravery, and valor while the double-headed black eagle in the center represents the sovereign state of Albania.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Although this flag was inspired by the French, it is much more similar to the Irish flag. In fact, many people find it hard to differentiate between the Italian and Irish flags. The difference between the two is in the last vertical stripe; Italy's is red, while Ireland's is orange.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

San Marino, officially called the Republic of San Marino, is a tiny mountainous state located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains. The country’s flag is formed by horizontal sections; the upper part being white and the lower blue. At the center sits the coat of arms which is formed by a shield that illustrates three towers – Guita, Cesta, and Montale – a gold crown symbolizing the country’s independence, and at the bottom a ribbon with the word “Libertas” written across.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Although the Swiss flag is often mistaken for the Red Cross, its meaning is something different. At the time, Switzerland was heavily involved in the Holy Roman Empire, so it's understandable that red symbolized the blood of Christian martyrs. Unlike many other flags, neither the dimensions of the flag nor the shade of red has been predetermined, thus, many versions of the flag exist.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Originally horizontal, the vertical tricolor Belgian flag was adopted in 1831 after Belgium gained independence from The Netherlands. The flag’s tricolor was modeled after France’s to distinguish it from the Dutch flag. The colors black, yellow and red were adopted from the Brabant province, whose rebels wore those colors during the uprising against Austria.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The tricolor Russian flag consists of the equal horizontal stripes; white, blue and red are considered traditional Pan-Slavic colors. The white represents God, peace and purity, the blue persistence, faith and fortitude, and the red stands for Russia, people, power, and bloodshed for the country.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Finnish flag, also known as Siniristilippu (Bue Cross Flag) was adopted in 1918 after Finland gained independence from Russia. The blue cross, which represents Christianity, sits horizontally against a white backdrop. The blue is said to represent the country’s many lakes and the sky, and the white stands for the snow that covers the land in winter.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Malta is a very simple two-color flag of white and red. On the top left side, where the white is located, is a small cross- a symbol meant to represent the George Cross, an award given to Malta by George VI.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Officially called the Republic of Lithuania, this is a country situated in the Baltic region in northeastern Europe. Adopted in 1989, the Lithuanian flag consists of equal horizontal bands of yellow, green and red. The yellow symbolizes the sun and fertile cornfield, green for the countryside, liberty and hope, and red for the bloodshed and bravery for the lives lost for the country’s independence.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Greek flag came about as a stand against the Turks in 1821. One year later, a slightly different symbol was adopted as the flag of Greece and remained the same to this day. The blue represents the beautiful seas which are what was said to have inspired the revolt, and the white, for the pure intentions of the revolutionists.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Luxembourg is like many others on the continent. It consists of three horizontal stripes; each in a different color. At the top is the color red, below it white and underneath that, a light blue. It is often mistaken with the flag of the Netherlands.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The current form of the Slovak flag was adopted in 1992 and is composed of the Pan-Slavic tricolors, and an emblem situated closer to one side of the flag. The emblem, which has been a symbol of the Slovaks for a very long time, depicts a double cross sitting on a hill, which represents the beginning of Christianity in the region of Carpathians.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Also called the 'Prince's Flag,' the Dutch flag served as inspiration for France's and Russia's flags; in turn, the Russian flag inspired many Slavic ones. The Dutch flag is known for its age, retaining its design through many coups and wars.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Swedish flag is one of many flags that were inspired by the oldest Nordic flag. In fact, it is the replica of Finland's flag, except for the colors. Where Finland has a white background with a navy cross, Sweden has a light blue background with a yellow cross.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Like Slovakia, Slovenia’s flag consists of the Pan-Slavic tri-colors white, blue and red, laid across horizontally in three equal bands. The coat of arms, located on the left side of the flag between the white and blue bands, depicts Slovenia’s highest peak, Mount Triglav covered in snow against a blue background. Above the mountain are three six-pointed stars taken from the armor of a late 14th- and 15th-century Slovenian dynasty, the Counts of Celje.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Officially adopted in 2004, the Georgia flag (also known as the Five Cross Flag) was originally a banner for the medieval Kingdom of Georgia. As its name suggests, it depicts five red crosses against a white background - the larger situated in the center of the flag and touching all four sides, while the four smaller ones are in the four corners.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Portuguese flag consists of two unequally-sized vertical stripes, with the country's coat of arms where the two colors meet. The red of the flag represents the bloodshed during the Portuguese revolution of 1910, while the green stands for hope.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Liechtenstein, like many other European flags, is very simple. It has two equally-sized horizontal stripes, one red and one blue, with a small golden crown to the upper left corner of the blue. The blue is supposed to represent the sky, the red, the glow of firelight in the nigh and the gold, the unity of the nation, state and its royalty.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Poland is the direct opposite to that of Monaco's. They both have two equally-sized broad stripes, but Poland's white stripe is at the top and the red at the bottom. The colors mean many things because the nation has gone through so much. Sometimes an emblem of an eagle is placed at the center of the white stripe.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Also known as Bosnia-Herzegovina or simply Bosnia it is a country in Southeastern Europe situated on the Balkan Peninsula. Adopted in 1998, the country’s flag depicts a yellow right angle triangle touching the top and bottom of the flag. Along the hypotenuse of the triangle lay seven full five-pointed white stars and two half stars at the top and bottom. The medium blue together with the stars symbolizes Bosnia and Herzegovina’s membership in the Council of Europe.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Azerbaijan is called Azərbaycan bayrağı or Üçrəngli bayraq. The tricolor flag consists of three horizontal equally-sized stripes of blue, red and green. At the center of the red stripe is a white crescent with an eight-pointed star to its right which appears on both the front and back of the flag. The blue represents the Turkic Multinationalism, red for the country’s progress toward achieving democracy and a modern state, and green shows the country’s ties to the Muslim world.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Officially adopted in 1995, the Belarusian flag consists of two unequal horizontal stripes of red and green, and on the left side is a vertical stripe decorated in the traditional red and white Belarusian pattern, which is also used to decorate folk costumes. The red represents freedom achieved by the country’s forefathers while green symbolizes life.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Montenegro, whose name means Black Mountain, is a sovereign state located in Southeastern Europe. The flag depicts a red background bordered with gold trimming and at its center is the country’s coat of arms - a two-headed eagle holding a scepter in one hand and a crown in the other. The eagle also bears a golden crown above its heads and a blue shield with a lion on its chest.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Monaco's flag was partly taken from the Genoese Grimaldi family. The flag was adopted in the late 1800s after the country rejoined France but as an independent nation. There has been great debate over why the flags of Monaco and Indonesia are so similar. Reports even claim that Monaco unsuccessfully protested against the Asian nation's choice of flag.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Ukraine is very simple - two broad horizontal stripes, one blue, the other yellow. The blue is said to represent the sky, while the yellow symbolizes the fertile soil and fields of Ukraine.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of The Vatican City, also known as the Flag of the Holy See, is formed by two equal vertical stripes; the hoist side shaded in yellow or gold and the other half shaded in white. On the white side is the Papal Miter and the gold and silver crossed keys of Saint Peter, with the Papal Tiara placed above them.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The German flag has had quite the rollercoaster ride. At first, it was meant to symbolize the unity between German states but was abolished when Hitler was in power. After his defeat, it was re-adopted as the official flag of modern Germany.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Danish legend states that the flag was sent down from heaven to help the troops at the Battle of Lyndanise in June of 1219. The flag of Denmark has an all red background, with a white cross that extends to the edges, but leans more to the left, on top of it.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Armenian flag is relatively new if one thinks about those that have been around since the 16th century. Adopted in 1999, the three-band, horizontal flag consists of the colors red, blue and orange (some would also say a deep yellow or mustard). The red is said to represent the blood shed by the nation's soldiers, the blue hope and the beautiful skies, and the orange, the fertile soil and people of Armenia.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Adopted in 1991, the Bulgarian flag, like many other European flags, consists of three horizontal stripes - one red, one green and the top, white. The white represents peace, the green fertility, and the red courage.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Romania is another vertical tricolor European flag. Its colors include dark blue, yellow and red. It is very similar to the Moldovian and Chadian flags. This particular flag had a coat of arms, which was removed after the tyrannical leader, Ceausescu, was overthrown and executed.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Spanish flag has undergone many changes over the years, but one thing has remained constant: the red and yellow colors. The flag currently has two red horizontal bands and a larger yellow one in the middle. To the left, on top of the yellow band, is the country's coat of arms, which include two pillars symbolizing Gibraltar and Ceuta.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Czech Republic's flag is meant to symbolize unity. It is made up of two wide stripes, the bottom red and top white, and a blue wedge at the side of the two other colors. Despite this being the flag of Czechoslovakia, the Republic kept it after the nation split in two.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The national flag of Serbia is tricolor consisting of the traditional Pan-Slavic colors. Compared to other Slavic flags, the color sequence is reversed. Closer to the left of the flag lies the country’s coat of arms depicting a two-headed eagle with a red and white shield laid across its chest. Above the eagle's two heads is a gold crown inspired by the crown of Serbian tsars.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Austrian flag is considered one of the world’s oldest flags; its design dates back to the 13th century. It depicts three horizontal stripes, the first and last shaded in red, while the middle is shaded in white. The colors of the flag were adopted by the Babenberg Duke Leopold V, to express his admiration and respect to his predecessor.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Croatian flag depicts the country’s coat of arms at the center resting against three equal horizontal bands of red, white and blue respectively. The Pan Slavic colors are tied with romantic nationalism and also associated with the country’s three historic kingdom states (the Kingdom of Croatia, the Kingdom of Slavonia and the Kingdom of Dalmatia.)

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Cyprus, formally known as the Republic of Cyprus, is the third largest and populous island found in the Mediterranean Sea. The flag depicts a white background with a map of the entire island silhouetted in orange, with two green olive branches below, symbolizing peace between the Greeks and Turks. White also represents peace and the orange symbolizes the large amounts of copper ore found on the island.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Irish flag has three equally-sized vertical stripes; one green, one white and the other orange. The green refers the color of the emerald island and the Catholics native to the country, the orange is a nod to their Protestant roots, and the white symbolizes peace between the Catholics and Protestants.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Turkish flag, also known as al bayrak (the red flag), consists of a red background with a white crescent and star laid slightly to the left, off center. The crescent dates back to the 16th century and is associated with the Goddess Diana, the guardian of the city Byzantium. The star, originally eight-pointed, has been used since 1793 and symbolizes the Virgin Mary, while the color red was used by the Ottoman Empire and dates back to the 13th century.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Iceland is one of the many flags that follow the design of other Scandinavian countries's flags. It has a wide blue background, with a white cross above it, which also, in turn, has a red cross atop it. The blue is supposed to represent the blues of the mountains, the red represents Icelandic volcanoes and the white the natural snowy landmarks of the country.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Latvian flag was adopted in 1918 up until the occurrence of the Soviet Union in 1940. Shortly before regaining their independence, the flag was readopted, keeping its tricolor horizontal stripes of red, white and red. The red symbolizes the Latvian bloodshed to regain their freedom and the white is associated with justice, truth, and honor.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The Estonian flag, adopted in 1918, consists of three colors, blue, black and white, in three equal horizontal bands. The blue represents the sea, sky, lakes, and honesty, the black indicates the sorrows of the Estonian people and the traditional black vests of the local farmers, and the white represents snow on the Estonian soil and the desire for freedom.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

Macedonia had a public competition in 1995 to design its flag. Empires argued over whether the sun of the flag had Greek or Persian roots; the Greeks won.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Moldova is very similar to that of Romania's. In fact, everything is the same, except the shade of the blue stripe and the golden eagle in the center. The eagle denotes independence, strength, and pride in Moldova.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

This design of the Hungarian flag first appeared in the mid 19th century, during the Austro-Hungarian uprising. The green, which has been around since the 16th century, stands for hope, the white stands for faith and the red for strength.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The flag of Kazakhstan is relatively new if we take into consideration the ages of many other European flags. The gold and blue colors have been said to have stemmed from the former Soviet flag. The blue background is supposed to symbolize peace and unity of the country's nationals.

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Which country does this flag belong to?

The official flag of the Republic of Kosovo was adopted on February 17, 2008, shortly after declaring independence from Serbia. The flag depicts a blue background, with a map of Kosovo shaded in gold at its center, and six five-pointed white stars arched over it.

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